Acaricide, Fungicide and Drug Interactions in Honey Bees (Apis mellifera)

Please place treatment free research here. There's a lot of research spread around the Internet that is related to treatment free beekeeping. This forum is an effort to try and consolidate some of this, especially new research as it becomes available.
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ExpatBeekeeper
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Acaricide, Fungicide and Drug Interactions in Honey Bees (Apis mellifera)

Postby ExpatBeekeeper » Sat Jul 04, 2015 2:17 pm

Abstract
Chemical analysis shows that honey bees (Apis mellifera) and hive products contain many pesticides derived from various sources. The most abundant pesticides are acaricides applied by beekeepers to control Varroa destructor. Beekeepers also apply antimicrobial drugs to control bacterial and microsporidial diseases. Fungicides may enter the hive when applied to nearby flowering crops. Acaricides, antimicrobial drugs and fungicides are not highly toxic to bees alone, but in combination there is potential for heightened toxicity due to interactive effects.

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Beekeeper, Meadmaker, Teaboy, and Gopher. Richmond, VA

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