Ecologically Appropriate Xenobiotics Induce Cytochrome P450s in Apis mellifera

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ExpatBeekeeper
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Ecologically Appropriate Xenobiotics Induce Cytochrome P450s in Apis mellifera

Postby ExpatBeekeeper » Sat Jul 04, 2015 2:22 pm

Abstract
Honey bees are exposed to phytochemicals through the nectar, pollen and propolis consumed to sustain the colony. They may also encounter mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus fungi infesting pollen in beebread. Moreover, bees are exposed to agricultural pesticides, particularly in-hive acaricides used against the parasite Varroa destructor. They cope with these and other xenobiotics primarily through enzymatic detoxificative processes, but the regulation of detoxificative enzymes in honey bees remains largely unexplored.

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